Paralympics travel grant setback is bigger than sport
22 August 2016
By Barney Cullum
The news that travel grants may not be made available to between 10 and 50 Paralympic teams represents a ‘setback’ that is bigger than sport.
The countries least likely to find other means to fund participation are also the ones where there remains most to do, in addressing and overcoming stigma towards disabled people.
Anne Wafula Strike
Anne Wafula Strike represented Kenya at the Athens Games, and as such is well placed to describe the wider impact para-sport has had on cultural attitudes, access and life prospects in sub-Saharan Africa in the 12 years since.
‘When I went back to Kenya after competing in Greece, everyone wanted to meet me. Every school kid, every politician. I remember people touching me and saying how soft my skin was; how healthy my teeth looked.’
The image of Wafula Strike on television, a powerful yet graceful wheelchair racer, was one not synonymous with polio or disability more generally in Kenya at the time.
‘I remember meeting other people with disabilities when I returned, school children and young adults. Some were street hawkers, many were rape victims.’
These were common fates for disabled women in Kenya then, and similar outcomes are visible now. Access to mainstream education was rare for disabled children in Kenya, at the time of Wafula Strike’s breakthrough, as were opportunities for secure, waged employment for disabled adults.
Stigma and practical solutions, whether it be equipment, tools, facilities or resources, remain a challenge.
However, the athlete has been able to use the status that comes with being a revered performer to advocate successfully, both for progressive legislation and for enhanced teacher training for disabled children. She has also mentored volunteers working on inclusive education programmes.
Legacy of the London Paralympics
Looking west to Nigeria, Lagos-born wheelchair basketball star Ade Orogbem is one of many to claim the London Paralympics has had the biggest legacy for disabled people of any Games to date.
‘I remember the first time I flew back to Nigeria after 2012. The plane door opened on arrival and not only was there a ramp, but there was a member of staff on hand to greet and support me. I had never seen that in Nigeria before.
‘Because of the historic links between the UK and Nigeria, the Paralympics had a huge audience in 2012 and you immediately noticed the difference in attitudes and awareness on going back home.’
Zimbabwe's future in the Paralympics
Turning our attention back down south to Zimbabwe, the nation’s Paralympic committee (ZPC) are waiting to see whether they will receive $US8,000 up front from the Rio organising committee towards travel costs for their team. $14,000 had been promised earlier in the year — $1,000 per athlete — but now they are told that the final $6,000 won’t come until after the Games.
They will need to turn to ‘the government and its partners’ for finance.
The importance of the Paralympic Games
The ZPC claim stigma has decreased towards disabled Zimbabweans since the country joined the Paralympic movement. Zimbabwe enjoyed success in 2004, collecting gold medals in the blue riband sprint events. There is genuine warmth — alongside national pride — felt towards Zimbabwe’s Paralympians and the state has already assured the ZPC they will make up any shortfalls in travel funding.
At a time when Zimbabwe is barely able to pay its own civil servants, when it is flirting with establishing new currencies, there is a risk the warmth will cool. But then, of course, there is a risk the same scenario could play out in recession-hit Brazil, if locals turns against the Paralympic Games following the news some public money (as well as private funds) will be invested.
With thousands of children born with microcephaly facing an uncertain future in Brazil, the importance of achieving a popular and inclusive Paralympic Games — one with a legacy that bolsters awareness and support for disabled people — cannot be understated.
Barney is an external communications officer for Leonard Cheshire Disability and a freelance journalist. A version of this article first appeared in The Independent.